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News and announcements
EDC and the TEN partners are committed to making our work and the results of our work available and accessible to all those who are interested. Included here are newsletters, blog postings, articles and other announcements that have been published to disseminate the success stories of our work.

1. Article in the EQ Review on Eastern Europe and Eurasia: Social Legacy Program (external link to a PDF file)

2. BLOG on the Boston Globe:

3. ARTICLE IN EDC’s Newsroom:

4. ARTICLES IN EDC’S UPDATE PUBLICATION (from the articles above) (print and online): (About TEN - page: 16)

5. Article on the Press on the interview with Dr. Steve Heyneman, TEN Technical Advisor (in Macedonian):

USAID E&E Social Legacy Program
Transparent Education Network (TEN) Roundtable

Struga, Macedonia

September 24 - 26, 2009

Transparent Education Network Roundtable

The Transparent Education Network (TEN) Roundtable is organized by the USAID Social Legacy Program and its implementing agency, Education Development Center (EDC), in coordination with Network member organizations in the E&E region. The purpose of the Roundtable is to provide Network members and regional leaders in the fight against corruption in education with the opportunity to share experiences and views on their efforts to promote more transparent education systems and schools. The Roundtable will also provide participants with professional development opportunities to build individual and institutional capacities in the design and implementation of strategies to increase transparency in higher education institutions.


1. Increase the capacity of Network members and participants to design and implement strategies that promote transparency in schools
2. Strengthen the relations and increase communication among Network member that will promote cross-fertilization and sharing of best practices
3. Increase awareness and understanding of issues pertaining to corruption in education with key stakeholders in the region
4. Liaise and identify ways to cooperate and collaborate with other organizations working in the same field - donors, NGOs, private businesses, universities, media, and others

Place and Date

The Roundtable is scheduled to take place in Ohrid, Macedonia from September 24 - 26, 2009.

Target Audience

The main target audience for the Roundtable is the TEN members and representatives from key stakeholders from Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Macedonia. Delegations from each country would include EDC’s implementing partners’ staff, youth leaders, university staff and/or faculty, and possibly a member of the government and/or from other development agency. Potential members from other countries (e.g. Ukraine or Montenegro) are also invited but participation is dependant upon funding sources.

Secondary audiences include donors and other stakeholders in the field such as USAID, OSI, Transparency International, Government of Norway, American Chamber of Commerce, and others to be identified.


The sessions will be designed to both build the capacity of participants in areas that can enhance their ability to fight corruption and share their experiences, best practices and lessons learned as part of the project implementation. There will also be sessions to learn about the work that donors and development agencies are conducting in this same field and the role of the private sector in the fight against corruption. Further, there will be breakout sessions where participants will work on country and regional plans for sustainability.
Article for EQ Review “Youth Livelihoods”
Eastern Europe and Eurasia Social Legacy Program (SLP)

Article for EQ Review “Youth Livelihoods”

Graduates from corrupt higher education institutions (HEIs) frequently have fewer chances of entering the labor market and/or keeping a job than their peers who graduate from non-corrupt universities. Corrupt HEIs often produce graduates whose professional levels and skills are behind the minimal standards thus resulting in a bad reputation of the HEIs among employers. In some cases, the lack of skills by graduates may pose a risk to the public, especially in fields like medicine, law, and others.

Defined as ‘the misuse of public office for private gain[1],’ corruption is a complex issue and a practice in many countries across the world. Corruption in education, of all sectors, may have the most detrimental impact on society for it involves children and youth and because education models shapes behaviors of future citizens.

In Eastern Europe and Eurasia (E&E), corruption in education is extensive and its impact on these countries’ youth and workforce development is still trying to be determined by the experts. Heyneman et al argue that this region is particularly vulnerable because “decentralization and privatization [in education] did not reduce bribe taking but may have significantly increased it. The increase was particularly rapid if international competition from private education providers was restricted. The quality of education was likely to deteriorate during this phase because individual rent-seeking behavior by agents increased.[2]”

USAID’s TAPEE Framework[3] breaks down the levels in which corruption in education takes place and provides specific examples under each:

Level: Ministry of Education
Examples: Diverting funds from government accounts or international assistance projects; bribes/kickbacks on construction, supply, publishing contracts; nepotism

Level: Region/District
Examples: Overlooking school violations; favoritism in appointment / promotion decisions (school directors, teachers)

Level: School
Examples: Diversion of central MOE school funds; diversion of community contributions

Level: Classroom/Teacher
Examples: Selling grades and test scores; grade-to-grade promotion; diverting school supplies and textbooks to market

Level: University
Examples: Selling entrance exams; selling course and exam grades; corrupt systems of accreditation

USAID’s E&E Social Legacy Program, implemented by Education Development Center (EDC), has created the Transparent Education Network (TEN) to bring together key individuals and organizations from the region to foster peer-to-peer collaboration and dialogue, share best practices, challenges and resources in this field. TEN’s goals are to: a) raise awareness about corruption in education and its impact on society; b) strengthen local capacity to analyze the effects of corruption; c) promote a culture of transparency and accountability in tertiary-level schools.

To accomplish these goals, EDC is working with local organizations in the region, including: NGO Center (Armenia); YUVA (Azerbaijan), Youth Education Forum (Macedonia). TEN is conducting community-based / student-led awareness raising activities in order to help all key stakeholders understand the impact of corruption in education in all levels including its effects on graduates’ employment opportunities. Further, TEN, in coordination with universities, is working to develop codes of conduct for students, faculty, and staff as a way to promote accountability and transparency, at the school level.

It is expected that TEN members work closely with business representatives and other employers to endorse the efforts of universities that are taking action in the fight against corruption in education and help students understand how their employment prospects can improve upon more transparent education systems.

[1] World Bank, Distance Learning Program “Youth for Good Governance,” Module III: Introduction to Corruption
[2] Heyneman, Anderson, and Nurilayeva, The Cost of Corruption in Higher Education, November 2007, Comparative Education Review, vol. 52, no. 1
[3] USAID E&E Bureau Anti-corruption Working Group, TAPEE (Transparency, Accountability, Prevention, Enforcement, Education) Framework for Combating Corruption and Promoting Integrity in the Europe and Eurasia Region, August 2005
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